Why Buy Life Insurance?

by Neal Frankle, CFP ®

You may not need life insurance. Plenty of people don’t.  But when I meet people who should have life insurance and don’t I go nuts. I also go nuts when people get sold the wrong kind of life insurance.  I’ll get to all this. But first, let’s address the question of who should buy life insurance.

Why Buy Insurance?

There are only two good reasons for people to own this coverage. The most important reason to buy this is to protect your family in case you or your spouse dies prematurely. The other reason is to pay estate taxes. (This impacts very few of us so I’m not going to address that issue here.)

Let’s get back to the main purpose of life insurance. If there are other people who depend on you to provide income (that would not exist if you die) you simply must buy life insurance. There is no other way to create an instant asset pool that would replace your income other than life insurance. Life insurance doesn’t replace your income per se. It creates a big pot of money in case you die. Your beneficiaries take that lump sum and invest it for income.

The Reason I Take This Subject Personally

If you are a seasoned reader of Wealth Pilgrim, you know that both my parents died before I finished high school. My father had a small term life insurance policy in place by sheer luck. He didn’t have a plan and he certainly didn’t have enough to provide for 4 orphans. But he did have a policy and my share was enough to put me through college. (That was a very long time ago when it cost almost nothing to go to college. Don’t try this at home.)

I get triggered when I see parents with minor children who don’t have the right insurance and/or who don’t have enough. It just frightens me. That’s why I am a little nutty when it comes to this topic.

What is the right kind of policy to buy?how much life insurance

If you are interested in protecting your family for a specific time period (and you should be) only buy term life insurance. I’ve written extensively about term life insurance vs whole life. Whole life is terrible for family protection. Why?

Because whole life is so darn expensive that people often buy a lot less insurance than they need. It gets sold as an investment (which it is not) and the family goes unprotected. That’s one reason why I can’t stand whole life. And it’s why I get into so many arguments with whole life agents who buy big fancy cars with the whole life commissions they make. But I digress.

What is the right amount of coverage to have?

Once you conclude that you need life insurance, you need to know how much term life insurance you should buy. A good rule of thumb is 15 to 20 times your income. This assumes that your income is great enough to pay your bills and put aside a sufficient amount for retirement savings.

When should I buy the term insurance? How long should I own it?

If people depend on your income right now then you need life insurance right now. You won’t need it once either of the following two conditions is true:

a. Your dependents become independent.
b. Your investments are large enough to replace the income that stops coming in once you die.

Where should I buy life insurance?

The best place to shop for insurance is with an agent who represents many different insurance companies. Stay away from captive agents because they aren’t objective.  I broker who deals with hundreds of insurance companies doesn’t care which company provides the coverage and that’s strongly in your favor.

Who doesn’t need life insurance?

If nobody relies on your income for support, you don’t need life insurance. Also, as I said above, if your assets provide enough income to support your dependents, you don’t need insurance to protect your family (but you might be in the tiny minority of people who need estate tax protection offered by whole life).

 

If you don’t own life insurance, why not?

Note: This post is part of a campaign spearhead by my buddy Jeff Rose of Good Financial Cents. The goal is to raise awareness of the need for the right kind of life insurance by readers of personal finance blogs.

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{ 7 comments… read them below or add one }

Noel December 19, 2014 at 7:47 AM

Neal,

You are spot on with Whole life and term coverage, still there is one point why some may end up with whole life, instead of term, like me.

I have Ulcerative colitis and I take utmost care that I do not end up flaring. In my last 8 years since diagnosis, I haven’t been to the hospital for this disorder. Many wonder how. That being said, when I started shopping for life insurance, my premium cost was almost 4X DWs, just because of my UC. DW’s premium is $365/year for $500K (and she is 2 years younger than me, no health issues) The reason offered, I am in high risk category for colon cancer, the statistics from the 70s, still the insurance companies prefer that statistic. So I ended up with Whole life (Universal) in case of Guardian.
Term insurance – $1450/year for $500K coverage, 30 years = 43,500
Whole Life – $1777/Year for $500K coverage, 20 years = 35,540 Whatever I will earn on this amount is enough to pay next 11 years, as per the projection.
The agent ‘convinced’ me that this is my best option. As layman as I am, I got Whole life. Did I take correct decision or have been duped?

Reply

Theresa September 18, 2013 at 4:19 AM

What would be the right kind of insurance to buy for a 51 year old woman.Just wanted to leave my adult daughter something for investment for her future.

Reply

Neal Frankle September 19, 2013 at 3:39 AM

Hmmmmm……I would need more information. In this particular case, permanent insurance might be the way to go but there are other factors. If you like, drop me a line at Neal DOT Pilgrim AT Gmail DOT com. I’m happy to discuss this with you.

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LilDot August 24, 2012 at 1:07 PM

My mother does not have enough insurance on my Dad, there is little savings and no property of substantial value.

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Neal Frankle August 24, 2012 at 3:59 PM

I get it, but why do you need insurance? Will they be leaving debts?

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Little Dot August 23, 2012 at 11:25 AM

Hi Neal. Thank you for the wealth of knowledge provided in your newsletter. Regarding life insurance, I recently discovered that my mother who is 76 has an extremely insufficient amount of insurance on my dad who is 81. As the eldest and the only financially sound out of 4 kids, I’m almost certain that everything will fall on me and my husband. I did some research and found that there were limited options for my dad because he is past 80. I found one company but the monthly premium was a car note. Other carriers pounced on my mother and I so hard that I had to stop answering the phone for a time. Any suggestions?

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Neal Frankle August 23, 2012 at 7:37 PM

Try this post – but I fear you may find this difficult. Why do you feel your parents need insurance?

Reply

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